Do your feet and/or ankles seem to roll outward when you walk or run?
If so, you could have a condition known as supination. Supination is one of the primary causes of ankle injuries and sprains.
An ankle sprain, usually the result of a fall or injury that "twists" the ankle the wrong way, is a common injury that can affect the soft tissues, typically the ligaments, of the ankle. Ankle sprains are the number one injury concerning the ankle joint.
An ankle sprain, or lateral ankle sprain, can often force sufferers to refrain from physical activity for four to eight weeks, depending on the severity of the damage done. The reason: An ankle sprain results in a stretching to a partial or complete tear of the ankle ligaments on the outside of the foot.
Acute trauma or injury usually results in an acute ankle sprain, or outward twisting of the ankle. The following conditions may predispose individuals to an ankle sprain:
People who over supinate, or roll to the outside of their ankles, also tend to get repeated ankle sprains. Their actions weaken the ankle, perpetuating the occurrence of continued sprains.
Ankle sprains are classified by severity:
Improper initial treatment of an acute ankle sprain often leads to poor healing and chronic lateral ankle instability, where the ankle constantly "gives way" on irregular terrain and even on flat surfaces.
Treatment for ankle sprains is based on the severity of injury.
The RICE system – rest, ice, compression, elevation – can be used to treat Grade I sprains:
Over-the-counter oral anti-inflammatory medications should alleviate the pain.
Following healing, consider the following:
Treatment of Grade 2 and 3 ankle sprains should be reserved for a podiatrist or other trained health care personnel. Severe injury requires
x-rays to evaluate the possibility of bony involvement as well.
Information on foot, leg and lower body health conditions provided by The Podiatry Institute, dedicated to advancing the standard of care in podiatric medicine and its effects on muscoskeletal health.
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